Nobelium Facts

Nobelium Facts
Nobelium (No) has an atomic number of 102, and as such has 102 protons in the nucleus of each of its atoms. It is classified as a metal, but particle sizes prevent it from being seen well enough to identify a color. It is thought to be metallic or silver in appearance.
Interesting Nobelium Facts:
Nobelium was discovered independently by several teams of researchers, one in the Soviet Union, one in Stockholm, and one in Berkley.
In 1957, the Stockholm team working at the Nobel Institute reported the creation of an isotope that they later decided was faulty background effects.
A team at the University of California in Berkley announced the synthesis of the new element in 1958.
The IUPAC declared in 1992 that the work performed by the Dubna team in 1966 was the more accurate finding of nobelium.
While the element was possibly detected in both 1957 and 1958, the Dubna team is credited with the discovery.
Despite naming the element joliotium (Jo) by the Dubna team, the IUPAC kept the 1958 designation, named after Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite.
So little nobelium has been produced that its appearance is unknown.
Researchers believe due to its properties that it would have a silvery-white color if enough quantities were available to be seen.
If enough nobelium were synthesized, however, it would pose a severe radiation threat.
Nobelium has played an instrumental role in the study of cold fusion, beginning in 1979.
There are twelve known isotopes of nobelium.
The most stable isotope is No-259, with a half-life of fifty-eight minutes.
There are two hypothetical isotopes, No-261 and No-263, that are believed to have longer half-lives.
The most recently discovered isotope of nobelium is No-250, which was synthesized in 2006.
Due to its scarcity, no known uses for nobelium have been discovered.

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