Celery Facts

Celery Facts
Celery is a type of herbaceous plant that belongs to the parsley family (same family includes carrots, cumin and parsley). Cultivation of celery started 3000 years ago probably in the Mediterranean region. Celery can be found all over the world today. It grows on clay and sandy soils and prefers temperate climate. Celery contains substances that have beneficial effect on the human health. This plant represents integral part of human diet. Besides that, celery has application in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and medical industry.
Interesting Celery Facts:
Celery can reach the height of 3.3 feet.
Celery is also known as "bunch of celery" because it consists of 10 to 12 individual pale green stalks. They are succulent, crunchy and U shaped on the cross section. Stalks have rough texture due to series of parallel ribs.
Each stalk ends with pinnate or bipinnate leaves that are serrated on the edges. Stalks and leaves are known as head of celery.
Celery produces creamy-white flowers that are arranged in the terminal inflorescence known as umbels.
Celery is usually propagated via miniature seed. One ounce of seeds is enough for the production of one acre of celery. Oil extracted from the seeds has application in pharmaceutical and perfume industry.
Celery is low-energy vegetable. Due to low level of calories, celery is suitable for diets. Celery contains certain amounts of vitamins C, K, B2 and dietary fibers.
Celery was initially used as medicine in treatment of toothache, insomnia, hypertension, anxiety, arthritis, rheumatism and to purify the blood.
Celery became part of human diet in the 16th century in Italy. Ever since that time, celery is used as important ingredient of European cuisine.
All parts of celery are edible. Stalks can be used raw, baked, fried or boiled. They are often used in preparation of omelettes, casseroles, sauces, salads and cocktails (such as bloody Mary). Leaves are mostly used for decoration and for seasoning of dishes.
Celeriac is a type of celery cultivated because of its big roundish bulb. It can grow to the size of a potato. Celeriac can be consumed raw or cooked.
Nibbling of celery stalks helps in cleaning of the teeth and mouth after the meal.
Ancient Romans used celery as aphrodisiac. Modern science proved that celery contains substance (called androsterone) that is also found in man's sweat. This substance plays role in attracting females.
Celery was used as ancient "bouquet of flowers", to reward winners of athletic games in the Ancient Greece.
Despite numerous beneficial effects, celery may induce serious allergic reaction in sensitive persons. Root of celery contains more allergens and it is more dangerous than stalks and leaves.
Celery is biennial plant, which means that plant ends its life cycle in two years.

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