Coreopsis Facts

Coreopsis Facts
Coreopsis is herbaceous plant that belongs to the aster family. Out of 75 to 80 described species of coreopsis, 28 originate from North America. Remaining species are native to Central and South America. Coreopsis can be found near the roads, in the fields and gardens. It grows on a well-drained soil in areas that provide enough sun. Coreopsis tolerates drought. People cultivate coreopsis as garden plant because of its beautiful, long-lasting flowers that can be also used for the preparation of various bouquets.
Interesting Coreopsis Facts:
Coreopsis can reach 16 to 47 inches in height and 15 to 18 inches in width.
Coreopsis produces showy, lacy, delicate or lobed green leaves that have fine texture. Leaves are oppositely arranged on the stem.
Coreopsis develops flower heads that consist of petal-like, ray florets on the periphery and disk florets that are tightly packed in the center of the flower head. Ray florets can be white, pale yellow, golden yellow or orange colored. Disk florets are usually yellow in color.
Depending on the variety, coreopsis produces individual flowers or flowers arranged in terminal clusters. Pink, red and multi-colored types of coreopsis are man-made varieties created via hybridization and selective breeding. Some varieties of coreopsis produce double flowers.
Coreopsis starts to bloom in June. Flowers usually last until the first frost. Bright colors of the flowers attract bees and butterflies, responsible for the pollination of the plant.
Fruit of coreopsis is dry achene filled with one seed.
Coreopsis propagates via seed, division and cuttings.
Scientific name of the plant, Coreopsis, originates from Greek words "koris" which means "bedbug" and "opsis" which means view. Name refers to the unusual morphology of seed. It is spiny on one end, bulbous in the middle and has small, head-like part on the other end. All together, it looks like tick (type of parasitic insect). Coreopsis is also known as tickseed due to specific shape of the seed.
Golden coreopsis, early sunrise, moonbeam, sunfire, limerock ruby, baby sun, swamp tickseed and presto gold are some of the best known and most commonly cultivated varieties of coreopsis.
Coreopsis is often cultivated as bedding or border plant in the gardens because of its ability to quickly spread and form large, beautifully-colored ground covers. Coreopsis is also often cultivated in pots.
Just like many other species of flowers, coreopsis has specific meaning. It stands for "always cheerful" in "floral dictionary".
Dry coreopsis plant can be consumed in the form of tea or used as a coffee substitute.
Tea made of root of coreopsis can be used in treatment of diarrhea and for the cleansing of the body (through vomiting).
Coreopsis is a state flower of Florida.
Coreopsis completes its life cycle after one (annual) or couple of years (perennial), depending on the species.

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