Parsley Facts

Parsley Facts
Parsley is a type of herbaceous plant that belongs to the same family as celery, carrot and cumin (Apiaceae). Exact origin of parsley is unknown. Some researchers believe that parsley originates from Sardinia. Cultivation of parsley started 2000 years ago. This plant can be found around the world today. Parsley prefers areas that provide partial shade and well-drained soil, rich in minerals. Taste of parsley depends on the type of soil and climate conditions. Parsley is one the most popular spices in the world. Other than that, parsley is used in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and medical industry.
Interesting Parsley Facts:
Parsley can grow to the size of 2 feet.
Parsley has bright green, fern-like leaves that grow from centrally positioned green stem. Leaf stems have stronger taste than leaves.
There are two basic types of parsley that differ in taste and morphology of leaves. Curly parsley is bitter and it has wrinkled or creased leaves. Italian parsley has strong flavor and flat leaves.
Parsley produces miniature flowers arranged in terminal inflorescence known as umbel.
Hamburg parsley is a type of parsley that develops large roots (6 times bigger than the plant). Root of Hamburg parsley is used in human diet, but it is less popular than leaves.
Parsley has prolonged germination period (at least one month). Gardeners like to plant parsley near roses (to keep them healthier and to intensify their smell) and tomatoes (because parsley attracts bees - main pollinators of tomatoes).
Parsley is rich source of vitamins K, C, A and vitamins of the B group. It also contains dietary fibers and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron.
Parsley was used in the ancient Rome as ingredient of salads, to eliminate effects of hangover and as ornament in the form of garlands for the head.
Parsley is one of the most popular herbs in the world. It is used as an ingredient of salads, soups, stews and dishes made of tomato, meat and fish.
Chewing of parsley can aid in elimination of bad breath, especially after consumption of garlic.
Animal studies showed that oil extracted from parsley has antitumor properties (prevents growth of tumor).
Parsley has anti-bacterial (kills bacteria) and anti-fungal (kills fungi) properties. Tea made of parsley improves blood circulation. Leaves can be used in treatment of superficial wounds, while juice squeezed from a root reduces swelling. However, pregnant ladies should avoid parsley because it induces contractions of uterus and may result in miscarriage.
Parsley is used in cosmetic industry for the preparation of soaps and body lotions that are especially good for dry skin.
Parsley is biennial plant, which means that it completes its life cycle in two years.

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