Poplar tree Facts

Poplar tree Facts
Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. It requires enough moisture, direct sunlight and soil rich in nutrients. Poplar tree is often found near the rivers, ponds and swamps. People cultivate poplar tree because it grows quickly, provides enough shade and its wood can be used for numerous purposes. Certain species of poplar trees (such as Black Poplar) are endangered due to habitat destruction.
Interesting Poplar tree Facts:
Size of poplar tree depends on the species. It can grow from 50 to 165 feet in height and reach 8 feet in diameter.
Shape and size of leaves may vary even on the same poplar tree. Most leaves are oval or heart-shaped, finely toothed on the edges. They have flattened petioles which ensure trembling of the leaves even on the slightest breeze.
Bark of poplar tree can be white, light green, brownish or grey in color. It can be smooth (young trees) or covered with deep ridges (old trees).
Poplar tree develops strong root system that can reach 130 feet in diameter. It can easily destroy nearby sidewalks and sewage system in the urban areas.
Most species of poplars are dioecious (develop individual male and female flowers). Flowers appear early in the spring, before leaves. Both male and female flowers form catkins that hang from the branches. Poplars are pollinated by wind.
Fruit of poplar tree is green to reddish capsule which matures during the summer. Capsule contains large quantity of miniature seeds.
Each seed is covered with long, silky hairs which facilitate dispersal by wind.
Name "poplar" originates from ancient Rome. During the 6th century, Romans planted poplars in areas where public meetings were held. Latin name for people is "populus", hence the name.
Wood of poplar is lightweight and strong at the same time. Because of that, it was used as perfect material for the construction of the battle shields in the past.
Poplar tree is widely used in the production of plywood and pallets.
Due to high elasticity, poplar tree is the most important tree in the industry of snowboards. It is also used in the manufacture of musical instruments such as guitars, drums and violas.
Since it grows rapidly, poplar tree is cultivated as energy crop that is used as bio-fuel.
Wood of poplar tree is used for panel painting. One of the most popular paintings of all time - Mona Lisa - was painted on the poplar tree.
Poplar is very important and often used in the paper industry.
Poplars can survive less than 50 years.

Related Links:
Plants Facts
Animals Facts