Raspberry Facts

Raspberry Facts
Raspberry is woody plant that belongs to the family of roses. It originates from Turkey, but it can be found in areas with temperate climate around the world today. There are around 200 species of raspberries, but only few species are cultivated and consumed on a large scale. Raspberry grows in areas with mild winter and cold summers, on a fertile, well-drained soil. People cultivate raspberry as a source of food and in medical purposes.
Interesting Raspberry Facts:
Raspberry develops erect or arched stem, usually covered with thorns. During the first year of life, raspberry develops one stem which grows 5 to 8 feet in height. Plant starts to spread horizontally and produce side branches during the second year.
Raspberry has compound leaves composed of 5 to 7 oval leaflets with toothed edges. Leaves are green on the upper side and whitish on the bottom side.
Raspberry produces flowers during the second year. It starts to bloom late in the spring and develops white flowers arranged in raceme (type of unbranched inflorescence composed of numerous flowers that grow along the main axis). Flowers are rich source of nectar which attracts honeybees that are responsible for the pollination.
Botanically speaking, fruit of raspberry belongs to the group of aggregate fruit. Raspberry is cylindrically-shaped, ruby red colored and has sweet taste.
Each raspberry consists of around 100 individual tiny fruits, called drupelets, filled with one seed. They are arranged in a shape of a helmet around centrally positioned small stem. When ripe raspberries are harvested from the plant, stem remains on the mother plant, leaving the hole in the middle of the fruit.
Raspberries can be red, purple, golden and black in color, depending on the variety.
One plant produces few hundred raspberries per year.
Raspberries are excellent source of dietary fibers, vitamins C, E and B9 (folic acid) and minerals such as manganese and magnesium
Raspberries can be consumed fresh or as ingredient of breakfast cereals, ice-creams, milkshakes and various cakes, juices, jams and jellies.
Phytonutrients from the raspberries can be effective in treatment of the high blood pressure and inflammation of the joints. They also act beneficially on the function of liver.
Herbal tea made of leaves of raspberry can be used for the regulation of menstrual cycle.
Animal studies showed that chemicals isolated from the root of young raspberries can prevent development of kidney stones.
Raspberry ketone, compound isolated from raspberry has application in the cosmetic industry for the production of shampoos, lotions, creams and perfumes.
Russia is the greatest manufacturer of raspberries in the world. It produces 125.000 tons of raspberries per year.
Root of raspberry can survive up to 10 years. Stem is biennial, which means that it dies after two years and gets replaced with new stem.

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