Rose Facts

Rose Facts
Rose is one of the best known and most favorite plants in the world. There are 100 different species of roses. Majority of them are native to Asia, while others originate from Europe, North America and Africa. Roses can be found throughout the world due to commercial breeding. Cultivation of roses started 500 years BC and resulted in creation of 13 000 varieties of roses. Wild roses can survive in various habitats, except those associated with extremely cold winters. Certain species of wild roses are faced with uncertain future (listed as endangered) because of the habitat loss.
Interesting Rose Facts:
Size of rose depends on the species. Flower can reach from couple to 33 inches in diameter. Certain species can reach 23 feet in length.
Most species of roses are deciduous, with few species that belong to the group of evergreen plants. Majority of roses form bushes or grow by climbing over other vegetation.
Color of the rose depends on the species. Roses can be found in different shades of white, yellow, pink, orange and red colors. Blue and black roses do not exist.
Each color of the rose symbolizes certain value. Red rose is a symbol of love, yellow of friendship, orange of enthusiasm, white of purity and pink of joy.
Wild roses have 5 petals and 5 sepals. Large number of petals is a result of mutation and it can be seen in cultivated roses.
Roses are well known by their prickles. They look like hooks which facilitate bonding to the other plants (in the climber types of roses) and protects stem from herbivores.
Even though prickles are strong and sharp, certain species of deer are able to eat roses.
Besides large herbivores, insects and spiders often attack roses. Fungal diseases can induce significant damage to the cultivated roses.
Wild roses bloom once per year. They are pollinated by insects.
Rose hip is a fruit of rose. It is rich source of vitamin C. Rose is sometimes used in folk medicine to relieve stomach pain and to treat cancer.
Rose water and rose syrup are used in cooking. Rose hip can be turned into jams, marmalades or it can be dried and used in the preparation of tea.
Rose oil is important ingredient in the perfume industry. Extraction of minimal amount of this oil requires huge amount of roses (one gram of oil is produced from two thousand roses).
Roses are old plants. One of the oldest fossils of roses discovered in Colorado dates back from 35 million years ago.
Roses are often used in literature and songs. There are over 4000 songs dedicated to roses.
Roses can survive long period of time. Rose that covers the wall of the Cathedral of Hildesheim in Germany has over 1000 years.

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