Psychology Facts

Psychology Facts
Psychology is an applied science - the study of the human mind and brain. Professionals in the field are referred to as psychologists and they may be researchers or practitioners. These scientists can be further classified as cognitive, behavioural or social psychologists. Psychologists try to understand the biological and physiological processes that result in certain human behaviours. They also try to understand social and individual behaviour in relation to mental functioning. Many psychologists work as practitioners, providing therapy for individuals in private practices, schools, or clinical settings. Other psychologists may work in the psychology department or universities or research facilities, or they may be professors in post-secondary institutions.
Interesting Psychology Facts:
Ancient philosophers in Greece, Egypt, India, China, and Persia dabbled in psychology. They sought out reasons for mental disorders, and attempted to determine the causes for certain behaviours.
Psychology involves the human mind and how its functions affect the behaviour of a person. It can also include the study of a group's attitude or mental characteristics.
Psychological experimentation began in the early 1830s. As the years progressed psychological societies were founded and research continued.
The International Union of Psychological Science was founded in 1951 by UNESCO. It recognizes more than 65 national psychology associations around the world.
Animals are often used in psychological experiments often for the purpose of relating neural processes and human behaviour.
During World War II the Nazis abused people in psychological and other experiments, which led to the development of the Nuremberg Code after the war ended. The Nuremberg Code is a set of ethical standards that must be followed during human experimentation.
Psychologists have determined that the funniest people are often those most depressed. This is common with comedians.
Psychologists have identified more than 400 phobias, including arachnophobia (fear of spiders), geliophobia (fear of laughter), hylophobia (fear of forests), and rupophobia (fear of dirt).
Some psychologists have determined that some phobias may actually be memories from ancestors that have been passed through DNA.
Psychology researchers are considering adding an addiction to the internet to the current list of medical disorders.
Psychologists have determined that prayer, or attending religious services, can actually decrease psychological distress.
Psychologists have determined that when someone dies they have a 7 minute dream sequence of their memories.
Psychologists have determined that music plays a big role in a person's mood. It also impacts a person's perception.
There are several fields of study in psychology including abnormal psychology, behaviour genetics, biological psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, control theory psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, evolutionary psychology, forensic psychology, genetic psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, occupational health psychology, personality psychology, and social psychology.
A new psychology branch is media psychology, which studies human behaviour in relation to the media. This field of study began in the 1950s when researchers began to become concerned with the impact of television on children.
Some of the most famous psychologists throughout history include Sigmund Freud, Ivan Pavlov, Alfred Kinsey, Mary Ainsworth, Karen Homey, B.F. Skinner, Albert Bandura, Jean Piaget, Carl Rogers, William James, Erik Erikson, and Lev Vygotsky.

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