Arabian Sea Facts

Arabian Sea Facts
The Arabian Sea is located in the northern region of the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula to the west, by Iran and Pakistan to the north, and India to the east. The Arabian Sea is also known as the Sea of Oman, and historically as the Persian Sea, the Erythraean Sea, the Indian Sea, Sindhu Sagar, Sindh Sea, and the Akhzar Sea. The Arabian Sea is connected to the Red Sea via the Gulf of Aden and to the Persian Gulf via the Gulf of Oman. It is believed to have served as an important trade route since the second or third millennium BC.
Interesting Arabian Sea Facts:
The Arabian Sea is named after the Arabian merchants who dominated the sea from the 9th century to the late medieval period of history.
The Arabian Sea covers a surface area of approximately 1,491,130 square miles.
The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is 1,490 miles and its maximum depth is 15,262 feet.
The largest river that flows into the Arabian Sea is the Indus River. Other rivers that flow into the sea include the Narmada River, the Tapi River, and the Sabarmati River.
Major ports of the Arabian Sea include India's Kandla Port, Okha Port, New Mangalore Port, Navi Mumbai, and Mumbai Port, Pakistan's Gwandar Port and Port of Karachi, Oman's Port of Salalah, and Iran's Chabahar Port.
The Arabian Sea's largest islands include Yemen's Socotra, Oman's Masirah Island, India's Lakshadweep, and Pakistan's Astola Island.
Countries that have coastlines along the Arabian Sea include India, the Maldives, Pakistan, Oman, Yemen, and Somalia.
The International Task Force is known to use Oman's Port of Salalah as a base.
The largest port of the Arabian Sea is India's Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai.
The largest island in the Arabian Sea is Socotra Island, which is part of an archipelago containing four islands.
The Arabian Sea is considered to be one of the largest seas in the world.
Three large peninsulas border the Arabian Sea, including the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Indian Peninsula.
From June to August the winds flow from the Indian Peninsula's south western region. From September to November the wind reverses back. The climate of the Arabian Sea is controlled by these monsoon winds each year.
The Arabian Sea has high salinity because it does not receive a lot of rain and there are not many rivers feeding it. The hot weather also contributes to the high salinity.
The Arabian Sea has two basins - the Arab Basin and the Somali Basin - separated by the Carlsberg Ridge.
The algae sargassopsis zanardinni is endemic to the Arabian Sea and can't be found elsewhere in the world.
Marine life in the Arabian Sea includes shark, tuna, sardines, billfish, moonfish, and several others, as well as green turtles, hawksbill turtles, and dugongs.
Whales found in the Arabian Sea include blue whales, humpback whales, Minke whales, sperm whales, and orca whales.
Fishing is a major small scale industry for several countries with coastlines along the Arabian Sea.

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