Levantine Sea Facts

Levantine Sea Facts
The Levantine Sea is located in the Mediterranean Sea's most eastern portion, bordered in the north by Turkey, in the east by the Gaza Strip, Israel, Lebanon, and Syria, in the south by Libya and Egypt, and in the northwest by the Aegean Sea. The Levantine Sea covers an area of approximately 120,000 square miles.
Interesting Levantine Sea Facts:
The deepest portion of the Levantine Sea is called Pliny Trench. It reaches depths of 14,383 feet and is located 50 miles south of Crete.
The Levantine Sea's largest island is Cyprus.
Levantine Sea's most northern portion is called the Cilician Sea.
The Levantine Sea is connected to the Red Sea via the Suez Canal, which was completed in 1869. The canal pours water from the Red Sea into the Mediterranean as the Red Sea water level is higher than the water level of the eastern Mediterranean.
Due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s across the Nile River the water of the Levantine Sea is much saltier because it reduced the freshwater flow. This has resulted in devastation to important sardine fisheries but increased Red Sea species.
The increase in Red Sea species in the Levantine Sea is referred to as the Lessepsian migration.
The Levantine Gas Field was discovered in 2010 in the Levantine Basin. It is considered to be one of the largest offshore gas discoveries in the last 10 years. This discovery is believed to hold enough gas to serve Israel for the next 40 years. It is expected to become a working field in 2019.

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