Socialism Facts

Socialism Facts
Socialism is essentially a political and economic system that follows the belief that everyone in their society is equal. In a socialist society people control their companies cooperatively, producing goods and providing services that benefit all people as opposed to driving profits higher for businesses. A man from Wales named Robert Owen, born in 1771, is considered to be the first socialist and a founder of Britain's Cooperative Movement, which advocated for worker-owned companies. Karl Marx is also considered to be a major influence in socialist theory, and in communist theory. There are many variations on socialism, derived from a combination of ideals and theories about how governments and societies should be run.
Interesting Socialism Facts:
The term 'socialism' was coined by Henri de Saint-Simon, a founder of utopian socialism (along with Robert Owen).
Socialism falls between communism and capitalism in terms of beliefs and ideology.
The fundamental view of socialism is that man, society, and the universe are equal.
In order to be truly socialist, the belief in God is contradictory. Socialism would place God and man on equal grounds in importance, which contradicts religion. However most socialist societies do allow religion, as it is considered to be a private and personal belief system that citizens have a right to believe in.
When communism and capitalism are combined, this system is considered to be a social democracy. In this type of system the government is able to redistribute wealth so that poor are not so poor. In a social democracy people are able to run their own businesses, but excessive wealth is shared with the poor.
Some of the most respected countries in the world are run with socialist ideals, including France, Norway, and Denmark. In these countries education is provided to its citizens for free, making it possible for anyone who wants an education to get one.
In socialist countries healthcare is usually free to its citizens. In capitalist democratic economies, such as the United States, health care is not free and many people can't afford it.
In socialist systems citizens who need it are provided with a form of social security to ensure they are able to survive.
The first socialist government in the world was created in Paris in 1871 when workers tried to seize power, but this new socialist society didn't last. By May of 1871 the French government had regained control.
The first socialist prime minister was Australia's Chris Watson, elected in 1904.
Many people believe that socialism is another word for communism. This is not true. A communist society does not allow its citizens to own private property while a socialist society allows for private property ownership.
In some socialist societies death is taxable, which means that inheritances are subject to high taxes.
Some people mistake communism with socialism and claim that Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, and even China are socialist societies. But all of these are communist.
In a truly socialist society all power would belong to the citizens and not the government. Any elected representatives would serve but not rule the citizens.

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