Olympic National Park Facts

Olympic National Park Facts
Olympic National Park is located on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State in the United States. The park encompasses 922,650 acres of land including alpine areas, forests, temperate rainforest and the Pacific coastline. Originally designated as Olympic National Monument in 1909 by President Theodore Roosevelt, it later changed to Olympic National Park in 1938, by President Franklin Roosevelt. Congress has since, in 1988, designated 95% (876,669 acres) of Olympic NP as Olympic Wilderness. In 1976 the park was designated an International Biosphere reserve and then in 1981 it was also designated as a World heritage Site.
Interesting Olympic National Park Facts:
There are more than 650 archaeological sites in Olympic National Park.
There are 130 historical structures to be found in the park, as well as almost 500,000 museum artifacts.
One of the archeological sites (the Ozette site) is eligible for National Historic Landmark designation.
Approximately three million people visit the park each year.
In 2005 there were 31 search and rescue missions within the park, and just over 2000 offences reported by law enforcement.
There are 168 miles of roads and 611 miles of trails in the park. There are a total of 64 trailheads.
Fishermen and women have 37 different native species of fish in the park to look forward to catching and releasing.
There are 300 species of birds, and 20 amphibian and reptile species within Olympic National Park.
There are 24 marine mammal species, which make up part of the 56 total species of mammals in the park.
There are endangered species living within the park, including the spotted owl and the bald eagle. In total there are 22 species on the endangered species list living in Olympic NP.
There are ancient glaciers topping the Olympic Mountains' ridgelines and sides.
Roosevelt elk, which are only native to the Olympic Mountain area, can be found within the park.
It is believed that the Olympic Mountains were created about 30 million years ago, when two plates on the ocean floor collided.
Winter in the park often ends having had as much as ten feet of total snowfall in the mountains.
There are two trails in the park specifically for mountain bikers, while the rest are only to be used by hikers.
There are at least 3,000 miles of streams and rivers in Olympic National Park.
There are 60 glaciers in the park with names.
Although there is camping available in the park, there are four lodges where visitors can spend the night.
The park hosts ranger-led educational programs for visitors to participate in. In 2005 alone, 23,100 visitors participated in these programs.
Nordic and alpine skiing opportunities exist in the park, at Hurricane Ridge.
The Elwha Ecosystem Restoration Project is a project designed to remove the Elwha Dam and the Glines Canyon Dam. This will allow for replanting the river bottoms and the slopes for ecological recovery. This will also restore fish stocks of steelhead and Pacific Salmon to the Elwha River. The fish have not been able to reach the river for 95 years because of the dams.
As a wilderness park, most of Olympic NP's interior can only be reached by trail.

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