Harlem Renaissance Facts

Harlem Renaissance Facts
The Harlem Renaissance was a movement in African American history that involved art, literature, and culture. It took place in the 1920s and 1930s in Harlem, New York. A the time it was referred to as the 'New Negro Movement' and had begun as Harlem grew as a destination for migrants from other regions in the U.S. as they sought equality and a better life following the end of slavery. Harlem culture began to be recognized in the early 1900s as theatre changed from 'blackface' stereotypes to involve real stories and issues. As this period in Harlem's history continued, pride in African American culture grew into a new identity that celebrated literature, music, art, theatre, and experimentation in all of these avenues.
Interesting Harlem Renaissance Facts:
In 1914 only about 50,000 African Americans called Harlem their home. By 1930 Harlem had grown to a population of 200,000 African Americans. This migration is referred to as the 'Great Migration' and began during World War I.
The political leaders of the Harlem Renaissance included Civil Rights activists such as Alain Leroy Locke (considered to be the Father of Harlem Renaissance), Marcus Garvey, Madam C.J. Walker, and many more.
Jazz music became popular during the Harlem Renaissance. It is often referred to as the Jazz Age. Popular jazz musicians included Louis Armstrong, Josephine Baker, Dizzy Gillespie, Count Basie, and Fats Waller.
Writers during the Harlem Renaissance that contributed to the four publications central to the movement were referred to as the 'Harlem Renaissance Writers'. The four publications included Opportunity, The Negro World, The Messenger, and The Crisis.
African American sports became popular during the Harlem Renaissance. Leagues were founded because of the fact that whites did not allow African Americans to play in their leagues. The famous New York Harlem Globe Trotters (basketball team) was founded in 1927.
Thanks to the Harlem Renaissance the music industry in New York became centered in Tin Pan Alley. The Cotton Club was Harlem's most famous night club.
Langston Hughes was a famous poet of the Harlem Renaissance responsible for writing the pieces 'The negro speaks of rivers', 'I too', and 'The Weary Blues'. Hughes became known as the Poet Laureate of Harlem for his work.
Art styles that became popular during the Harlem Renaissance include Art Deco, Surrealism, and Impressionism.
Artists that emerged during the Harlem Renaissance include Lois Mailou Jones, Aaron Douglas, Palmer C. Hayden, Meta Fuller, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, and Prentiss Taylor.
Some of the notable books that were written during the Harlem Renaissance by authors of this time include Home to Harlem (Claude McKay), Not Without Laughter (Langston Hughes), Black No More (George Schuyler), and Their Eyes Were Watching God (Zora Neale Hurston).
The men's Zoot Suit became fashionable during the Harlem Renaissance. This included wearing baggy pants and trousers. They also wore fedora hats, bow ties, and handkerchiefs.
Women's fashion during the Harlem Renaissance included flapper style dresses, long gloves, long beaded necklaces, and feather headbands and boas. During the day they wore more conservative day dresses and hats.

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