Terracotta Warriors Facts

Terracotta Warriors Facts
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses are life size terracotta sculptures created more than 2000 years ago to be buried with Emperor Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor. They were discovered in March, 1974 by farmers who were digging a well in the Shaanxi Province, about .99 miles east of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's tomb at Mount Li in China. The construction of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses began when the Emperor took power. He was only 13 years old, and spent much of his life searching for immortality. His massive tomb encompassed 20 square miles, and thanks to the work of more than 700,000 laborers, his underground tomb included more than 8000 warriors, 670 horses, 130 chariots, and many other sculptures to protect him and entertain him in the afterlife.
Interesting Terracotta Warriors Facts:
The Emperor, born in 260 BC took his position when he was 13. He died and was buried in 210 BC.
It took approximately 40 years for the construction and sculptures of the Emperor's Terracotta Warriors and Horses to be complete.
There were more than 700,000 laborers working on the Tomb complex and on the Terracotta Army.
Each Terracotta Warrior is unique. Their features are lifelike, made from moulds. Archaeologists believe they were built in an assembly line fashion, with moulds for arms, legs, torsos, and heads being put together and finished with customized features that ensured no two were alike.
The Terracotta Army sculptures were made from wet clay that was allowed to dry and then baked in a kiln. Then they were painted.
There are more than 8 different head shapes which represent various cultures in China.
In addition to the Terracotta Warriors there were figures of entertainers, musicians, acrobats, waterfowl, and government officials found in the 20 square mile tomb.
The Terracotta Warriors stand at an average of 5 feet 11 inches tall, although some are as tall as 6 feet, 7 inches.
Warriors of the Terracotta Army were dressed differently to represent their position, whether foot soldier or scout, or cavalry solder.
The Terracotta Warriors were originally painted, and today scientists are trying to figure out how to preserve what little paint remains on a few of the soldiers for as long as possible.
When found, most statues were broken and archaeologists have been piecing them back together for several years.
The Tomb contained four main pits approximately 21 feet deep that housed the Terracotta Army.
The Terracotta Warriors were outfitted with real weapons, including swords, spears, crossbows, and daggers. When found they were well preserved, protected with a layer of chromium.
Because the horses had saddles, it is believed that they were invented during the Qin Dynasty's rule.
Many of the objects and some of the Terracotta Warriors have been on display at various museums around the world for exhibitions.
Emperor Qin Shi Huang had spent his life searching for a way to become immortal, but was not successful.
Some believe that the Emperor's burial tomb complex was not completed because of the presence of a fourth pit that was found empty.


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