The Internet has become a worldwide market full of ideas, connections, and developments that entirely encircles the world. However, without webpages, and without the HTML code that allows those pages to exist, the Internet would be a small place only accessible to advanced level computer scientists.
HyperText Markup Language, or HTML, is one of the standard coding languages used to create the web pages frequented by Internet users. First created in 1989 by physicist Tim Berners-Lee, HTML was originally purposed so that scientists within the CERN research facility could easily share data and other important documents with one another. CERN management thought the idea was great, and provided the funding for the development of the first HTML code.
By 1991, Tim Berners-Lee had written a documents called "HTML Tags", which described 18 key elements of the code. He then published it on the early Internet, which allowed for its uptake and spread across the web.
However, as HTML spread throughout the tech savvy circles responsible for developing the Internet, its format developed broad variations. Therefore standardization of the code was necessary to ensure that each webpage and each web browser could understand every HTML code.
Therefore, in 1994 the HTML Working Group was created, which worked over the next year to complete HTML 2.0. This new and advanced version was the only standardized language available at the time.
Overtime, however, continued developments were implemented and added to this standard code to allow for the massive technological advances produced in the 1990s and early 2000s. By the year 2000, HTML became an international standard with the latest publication of HTML version 4.01.
Today, HTML version 5 is the main form of HTML coding employed by web page coders. Published in January 2008, this newer advanced code allows for more diverse coding customization. Although only a select group of tech savvy computer scientists are fluent in the HTML language, its creation, advancement, and use has allowed for the great expansion of the Internet currently enjoyed by millions of people each day.