Albert Einstein was a German scientist who came up with many discoveries and theories. His most important contribution to the world of science is the Theory of Relativity. The formula he developed explains how energy (E) is related to mass (m). This theory changed the world of science.
Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany in March, 1879, but lived most of his childhood in the city of Munich. He had speech problems as a child, and his parents didn't think he was very intelligent. He didn't talk until he was four years old. He didn't read until he was nine. He said he didn't like school but loved reading and learning on his own. Even when he was an adult, he was very disorganized and forgot appointments. Albert was married twice. He had two sons and a daughter.
His father owned an electronics shop so Albert learned all about science and electronics from him. He first became interested in science when his father gave him a compass. Because he really loved math, he wanted to study that in school. He finished his education in Switzerland. Later he moved back to Bern, Germany and started his first job as a clerk in the patent office.
Albert moved to the United States in 1933 to avoid the Nazis in Germany. Albert was Jewish and the Nazis were persecuting and even killing Jewish people. He became a United States citizen in 1940. His Theory of Relativity changed how scientists observed the world and led to many modern inventions, including nuclear energy and the nuclear bomb.
Albert Einstein laid much of the foundation for modern physics. In 1905 Einstein came up with the concept that light is made up of particles called photons. Most scientists then didn't agree, but later experiments in 1919 proved him right. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. Nobel Prizes are given every year for accomplishments for academic, cultural or scientific advances.
Together with another scientist, Satyendra Bose, Einstein discovered another state of matter in addition to solid, liquid and gas. Today this discovery is used in lasers and superconductors.
Albert Einstein did not work directly on inventing the atomic bomb, but his name is closely associated with the bomb. This is because his scientific work and discoveries were important in the bomb's development.
He received a love of music from his mother and said that if he were not a physicist, he would be a musician. He played the violin and piano and said that he got the most joy out of life in doing that. He saw his life in terms of music and lived his daydreams in music.
Einstein's brain has been preserved by scientists so they can find out why he was such a genius by examining it. It is said to be different from the brains of most other people.
Albert Einstein died in the United States in 1955.
In summary, Albert Einstein is considered the greatest scientist of all time. He was born in Germany but became a United States citizen. He specialized in physics and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. His most famous discovery was the Theory of Relativity which led to many inventions, like nuclear energy and the nuclear bomb.
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