Iguana Facts

Iguana Facts
Iguana is a type of large lizards. It can be found in Mexico, Central America, Brazil and on Caribbean Islands. Different species live in different habitats. Some iguanas prefer life in tropical rainforests, some in the water, while others enjoy life in desert conditions. Green iguana is very popular as a pet. Unfortunately, most pet iguanas die within the first year of adoption because they are not kept under required conditions. Some species, such as blue iguana, are endangered due to habitat loss.
Interesting Iguana Facts:
Iguana can vary in size depending on the species. On average, they are usually 6 to 6.5 feet long, weighting 11 pounds. Iguanas are the largest lizards in America.
Iguana has strong jaws with sharp teeth. They have very long and sharp tail that is usually half of the body size.
Tail is used mainly for defense (iguana can punch its enemy with tail). In the case of danger, iguana can detach a part of its tail to ensure fast escape from predator.
Just like in other lizards, iguana's "broken" tail will soon heal and reach its previous size.
Green iguana has a third eye. This retina-like structure is located on the top of the head and it is connected with a pineal gland in the brain. Although it does not produce images like a regular eye, it reacts to the changes in light and it is used for detection of predators above the head.
Some of the worst enemies of iguana are predatory birds. Iguana often freezes on the sound of hawk's whistle and unfortunately becomes even easier prey for catching.
Species of iguana that live in tropical rainforest spend the most of their life high in the treetops, often on the height of 40 to 50 feet.
Although they are stable and safe on trees, they may occasionally fall down. Iguana can survive fall from the height of 40 to 50 feet without injuries.
Iguana is herbivore (plant-eater). It likes to eat fruit, leaves and flowers.
Iguanas are often found near the water. They are known as excellent swimmers.
Iguana breathes using lungs. It can spend 28 minutes under the water without returning to the surface to breathe air.
Some species of iguana are able to inflate themselves during the flood to become floatable.
Mating season for most iguana species lasts from November to March, April. Female lays between 20 and 71 eggs in the nest. Iguana does not provide parental protection and eggs are left on their own.
Eggs hatch after period of usually 10 to 15 weeks. Young iguanas look like miniature adults. They stay together during the first year of their life in family groups which offer protection against predators.
Average lifespan of iguana is around 20 years in the wild. They live much shorter in captivity due to inappropriate care.

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