Abu Nasr Al-Farabi Facts

Abu Nasr Al-Farabi Facts
Abu Nasr Al-Farabi, known in most Western cultures simply as Alpharabius, was believed to have been born in what is now modern-day Afghanistan in 872 AD, and is believed to have died in 950 AD. His biography wasn't written until centuries later when the impact of his work was recognized, so much of the information on him is hearsay that was passed down.
Interesting Abu Nasr Al-Farabi Facts:
Al-Farabi is believed to have been of Persian or Turkic descent, and is one of the chief scientists remembered in the famed Islamic Golden Age.
His interests and writings were diverse, encompassing metaphysics, logic, philosophy, politics, music, science, and much more.
He spent most of his life—including his education and his work—in what is now Baghdad.
There is written record of Al-Farabi's living in Baghdad at least until 942 AD, as it is mentioned in a book that he wrote, Mabade.
He later traveled to Damascus and finished the book there.
Al-Farabi was a follower of Aristotle's teachings and formed his own ideas on logic to include some of these elements.
It was his work in logic that is long remembered and credited to his name, specifically as the first person to separate the field of logic into two categories, idea and proof.
Many believe that Aristotle's teachings would not have become so widely spread throughout the West if not for Al-Farabi's translation and his work, Commentary and Short Treatise of Aristotle's de Interpretatione.
While Al-Farabi also made important contributions in many fields, including music, psychology, and philosophy—founding his own school of Islamic philosophy—he is also a noted physicist.
It's understood that Al-Farabi may have been the first scientist to study the true nature of a void and a vacuum, and he was the first known researcher to theorize that air takes up space and that its volume can be increased.
The idea of a "perfect vacuum" was not in line with his research and he concluded that it wasn't a viable concept.
Al-Farabi conducted a number of his experiments by testing out air space under water.
In the field of psychology, Al-Farabi was one of the first to write on the concept of social psychology, which is man's need for communion with other people in order to live.
He also wrote and published a treatise on dreams, which still stands as a relevant area of psychology.
Al-Farabi was a very prolific writer across his fields of study, and many of his works are still highly regarded today.


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