Carolus Linnaeus Facts

Carolus Linnaeus Facts
Carolus Linneus (May 23, 1707 to January 10, 1778), also remembered as Carl Linnaeus, was a Swedish zoologist and botanist his work led to the creation of modern-day biological nomenclature for classifying organisms. This work has led to Linnaeus' distinction as the father of taxonomy.
Interesting Carolus Linnaeus Facts:
Linnaeus was born in a rural region of Sweden, only the second generation to have a permanent last name.
Until Carolus was born, the family had always used the patrilineal naming system common in many Scandinavian countries.
His father, Nils, attended university and therefore had to have a permanent surname instead of a changeable name based on parentage; he named himself after a tree that commonly grew in the region.
Carolus was given the middle name Nilsson after his father, in keeping with the traditional naming system.
Carolus Linnaeus attended school at Uppsala University where he became a botany lecturer at the age of twenty-seven.
He traveled abroad extensively for his studies, and eventually began an international expedition to study and classify wide varieties of plants, animals, and minerals.
He published many volumes of works on his studies, and became one of the most well-known scientists in Europe.
He developed the concept of the type specimen, which is a sample of an organism that the identifier actually studied; therefore, Linnaeus serves as the type specimen for the human race, listed in taxonomy as Homo sapiens, as he studied himself for that classification.
Linnaeus traveled extensively and uncovered hundreds of species that had before had no scientific designation. He published many works on these specimens, mostly flora.
While traveling in Lapland, he saw a bone from a horse lying on the ground, and realized that if he had a system of classification for animals, he could have identified the bone.
He spent several years serving as the curator and head of a number of different botanical gardens, expanding his knowledge base and classifying even more specimens.
Linnaeus eventually returned to Sweden and found a position as a physician for the Admiralty.
This position provided a steady income, and Linnaeus was able to marry his fiancée, Sara Elisabeth Moraea.
While there, he became one of the founders of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and became its first Praeses when his name was drawn.
He took a position as a professor of medicine at Uppsala, but swapped with another position to become the head of the university's botanical garden.
He was rewarded for his contributions to science with ennoblement by the Swedish king, taking the name Carl von Linne'.


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