Komodo Island Facts

Komodo Island Facts
The Republic of Indonesia is made up of 17,508 islands. One of these islands is Komodo Island, made famous because of one of its inhabitants—the Komodo dragon. Komodo Island forms part of Komodo National Park. The island is popular for tourists who are eager to see the dragon, as well as divers who are eager to see the coral reefs in the area. The island is listed as one of the New & Wonders of Nature.
Interesting Komodo Island Facts:
Those who live on this island are the descendants of former convicts who were sent to the island following their convictions.
The Komodo dragons that inhabit this island and only a few others nearby are the largest lizards on earth.
Komodo Island covers an area of 390 square kilometers. It is 15km wide and 30km long.
There are 2000 people that live on the island as permanent residents.
The religions of the people that live on the island are Hindu, Christianity, and Islamic.
Komodo Island is part of a chain of islands known as the Lesser Sunda Chain.
Between April and December it is the dry season for Komodo Island. The coldest months are July and August. During these months the average temperature is 30 degrees Celsius.
Komodo Island's rainy season is from January to March. Although this is the rainy season, Komodo Island does not get the torrential rain that the rest of Indonesia experiences.
It's possible to go diving in Komodo all year long.
There are less than 4000 wild birds on Komodo Island, and it is also home to many endangered species. There are approximately 25 different endangered species on Komodo Island.
Komodo Island is believed to have been formed approximately 1 million years ago.
In the coral reefs under the sea around Komodo Island there are approximately 1000 species of fish, and 253 reef-building coral species.
There are only seven beaches in the world with pink sand. Komodo Island has one of these pink sand beaches. The pink sand is a mixture of red and white sand.
Although there were stories of the Komodo dragon for many years, nobody went to Komodo Island to check until the early 1910s.
In the mid-1900s, fossils were found in Australia very similar to Komodo dragons. These fossils dated back 30 to 60 million years ago.
The Dutch sailors originally described the dragons as being seven meters long, and able to breathe fire. After an expedition by a Dutch official, the results were published in 1912. The Komodo dragon did not breathe fire and was in fact, a monitor lizard.
The highest mountain on Komodo Island is Satalibo, which reaches 735 meters at its peak.
There remnants of rainforest on Komodo Island, as well as bamboo forests.
Deer are a favorite food of the Komodo dragon and in an effort to increase their population the government began prohibiting deer hunting by the islanders.
In 1991, Komodo National Park was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Komodo Island became one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature on November 11, 2011.

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