Timeline Description: The Harlem Renaissance took place during the roaring 1920's and into the 30's. It was a time when the African American community rose up and showed off their writing talents, creativity, and usefulness to the world. This timeline shows the order of events.
|1870||Freed slaves move past slavery (1870's)
Starting in the 1870's, many former slaves began migrating out of the intolerant south and into the more prosperous north.
|1900||Harlem becomes a final destination
Harlem, in New York, had been established by wealthy white citizens. As former slaves and other immigrants moved north, they settled into this well-to-do neighborhood.
|1910||The NAACP is founded
NAACP stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
|1916||Madame Walker moves to Harlem
Madame Walker moved to Harlem in 1916. She was an affluent black woman who had made millions of dollars after she created a hair product for black women.
|1917||Protests and Riots for equal rights
A silent protest was organized in New York after riots in St. Louis killed hundreds of blacks. During this time, many blacks got together and fought for their rights.
|1918||Marcus Garvey begins publishing
Marcus Garvey had the goal of uniting Negros around the world. He began publishing The Negro World.
|1919||The American Negro
A writer named Benjamin Brawley wrote and published a work called The Negro in Art and Literature in the United States.
|1924||Civic Club Dinner launches the New Negro
This was an organized dinner where black writers were brought together with white publishers.
|1925||The New Negro movement
Alain Locke edited and put out Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro. This helped continue the new Negro movement that started with the Civic Dinner the year before.
|1927||An African American wins the Pulitzer Prize
Paul Green wrote a work called In Abraham's Bosom. It won a Pulitzer Prize.
|1927||Louis Armstrong plays jazz
Louis Armstrong began his jazz career.
The Harem Globetrotters was established. It is still widely known today.
|1929||A successful Broadway play by a black artist
Harlem, written by Wallace Thurman, opened on Broadway. It became the most successful play by a black author of its time.
|1929||The Great Depression hits
In 1929 the stock market crashed, ushering in the Great Depression.
|1934||The fight against segregation
Members of the NAACP and the American Fund for Public Service met to discuss ways to end segregation, or the separation of blacks and whites.
|1937||The last novel of the Harlem Renaissance
African American author Zora Hurston published the novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. It was considered the last novel of the Harlem Renaissance.