Timeline Description: Mesopotamia is the first lands where people formed villages and farms. It is called the birth of civilization, and this is a timeline of its history.
|5000 BC||The first people move in
People called the Sumer moved into the land called Mesopotamia. They planted crops and began farming the land.
|4000 BC||The Sumer build temples to their gods
The Sumer people built temples called ziggurats to worship their gods. They began building large and powerful cities.
|3300 BC||The written language is invented
The Sumer people began using pictures for words, and they would draw the pictures to write sentences.
|3200 BC||The wheel is invented
As the people became smarter and learned more, they invented more items. They invented the wheel to make their vehicles roll.
|2330 BC||Mesopotamia gets new rulers
The Sumerian people were taken over by the Akkadians. The Akkadians established the Akkadian Empire.
|1900 BC||Another change of power happens
The Assyrians came in and defeated the land's rulers, making Mesopotamia come under Assyrian rule.
|1792 BC||Babylon moves into power
Hammurabi, the Babylonian king, took power of Mesopotamia.
|1750 BC||The Babylonians lose their power
After the death of King Hammurabi the land fell apart. It was taken over by the Kassites in 1595.
|1250 BC||The people begin to use iron in their inventions
The Assyrians eventually took back the land of Mesopotamia. They began using iron to make stronger weapons and chariots.
|705 BC||The capital city is named
Nineveh became the capital city of the Assyrian's land.
|668 BC||The great library is built
After Nineveh was named the capital, the rulers of the land built a huge library there.
|550 BC||The Persians take over Mesopotamia
Under the king Cyrus the Great, the Persians took control of the land. He allowed the Jewish slaves to return to their land of Israel.
|522 BC||The land is divided into states
Darius I became the ruler and he divided the land into different states. He called them satraps.
|490 BC||The Greeks take rule of Mesopotamia
While still under the lead of Darius I, the Greeks moved in and took rule.
|333 BC||Alexander the Great is leader
The famous Alexander the Great moved through the land and took control. It was the end of Mesopotamia's seat as the world's powers.