Persian Gulf War Timeline
Timeline Description: The Persian Gulf War was a fight that went by many names such as Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, the Iraq War, and more. It was led by the United States against Iraq after Iraq invaded and captured Kuwait.

Date Event
May 1990 Tensions between Iraq and Kuwait rise

Saddam Hussein, the leader of Iraq, began accusing Kuwait of moving against Iraq by producing large amounts of oil. Hussein would eventually accuse Kuwait of stealing oil from Iraq.
July 1990 Troops move toward Kuwait

Trying to strike back against Kuwait, Hussein deployed Iraqi troops to the Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. By August, he had ordered the troops to invade Kuwait, which officially started the Gulf War.
August 6, 1990 The United Nations blocks Iraq

After unsuccessfully demanding Iraq back down, the United Nations declared a trade embargo on Iraq. It was called Resolution 661.
August 7, 1990 American troops move in

The United States decided to lead an initiative against Iraq. It was named Operation Desert Shield, and the troops began landing in Saudi Arabia.
September 14, 1990 Other countries join the fight

The USA's presence didn't intimidate Saddam Hussein, and he continued his annexation of Kuwait. The United Kingdom and France joined America in sending troops to fight against Iraq.
November 1990 An ultimatum by the U.N.

The United Nations determined that Iraq could not be allowed to continue its control of Kuwait. It passed Resolution 678, which demanded Iraq withdraw, or they would face military action.
January 9, 1991 Talks solve nothing

Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz met and spoke with the U.S. Secretary of State in order to come to an agreement. However, no agreement was made.
January 16, 1991 Operation Desert Storm

The United States officially launched Operation Desert Storm. Apache helicopters and warplanes attacked Baghdad and other military targets in Iraq.
January 18, 1991 Iraq attacks Israel

In order to retaliate against America, Iraq launched missiles on America's ally, Israel. The United States responded with missiles of their own.
January 25, 1991 Iraq fights back

Saddam Hussein ordered the destruction of Kuwaiti oil wells. He blew up several oil wells, then pumped millions of gallons of oil into the Persian Gulf.
February 1, 1991 A U.S. victory

The Battle of Khafji was fought between American and Iraqi forces. The Iraqis were driven out of Saudi Arabia for an American victory.
February 22, 1991 Iraq is given one last chance

Trying to avoid further fights, American President George H.W. Bush offered Iraq a 24-hour period to surrender. Iraq refused, and a ground war began on February 24.
February 26, 1991 Iraqi withdraw

Saddam Hussein at last ordered the Iraqi withdraw of troops from Kuwait. A coalition aircraft bombed the retreating troops, and the area is now called the Highway of Death.
February 28, 1991 Ceasefire declared

U.S. President George H.W. Bush declared a ceasefire, ending the war. Kuwait had been liberated from Iraq.
March 1, 1991 Negotiations agreed upon

At the end of the war, a ceasefire plan was put in place. A meeting was held in Safwan, Iraq, and American troops were deployed home.






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